Tuesday, August 25, 2009

Stop S384 The Global Food Security Act ...more importantly, stop ANY bill sponsored by Lugar or Kerry!

Update: See GMF ...Genetically Modified Foods - Are you swallowing this?

Source: CapWiz

Stop the Global Food Security Act
Tell Congress: No GM Crops! Organic Food Security Now!
Globally, the tide is turned decidedly against genetically modified crops. Why are the President and Congress using the economic crisis as an excuse to push GM crops on poor countries?
In February, 2009, Friends of the Earth released a report proving that GM crops cannot, and are unlikely ever, to contribute to poverty reduction, global food security or sustainable farming.
On March 22, the Times (South Africa) reported that 280 of the 1000 farmers who bought Monsanto's GM maize experienced crop losses of up to 80%, and on April 2, Reuters reported that Monsanto had paid the farmers $42 million for the failure.
On March 26, Greenpeace announced that Luxembourg was expected to join Austria, France, Greece and Hungary in banning the use and sale of Monsanto's genetically modified maize, the only GM crop that may be grown commercially in the European Union at present.
But, in the United States, the Obama Administration and Congress are cynically trying to make "research on biotechnological advances appropriate to local ecological conditions, including genetically modified technology" a condition of agricultural aid.
On April 2, President Obama announced that United States would "double support for agricultural development to over $1 billion so that we are giving people the tools they need to lift themselves out of poverty. ... This is not just charity though. These are future markets for all countries, and future drivers of growth." President Obama's announcement coincided with the passage in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee of S. 384, the Global Food Security Act, that would authorize $10 billion in agricultural development aid over 5 years -- with strings attached. While the White House uses euphemistic phrases like "modern technology," "quality seeds," and "private investment in agriculture productivity," S. 384's sponsor Senator Lugar explicitly favors biotechnology:

This new revolution won't succeed without new tools, namely biotechnology and genetically modified (GM) seeds, to meet the enormous demands for increased production. But Europeans oppose most GM technology, despite its proven safety and success in cutting pesticide use, raising output and adapting to adverse conditions. African countries in particular have been intimidated by aggressive European lobbying from deploying biotechnology, widely used in many places, including America - GM varieties comprise 80 percent of our corn crop

Congressional Legislation
The Global Food Security Act
Bill # S.384

Original Sponsor:
Richard Lugar (R-IN)

Cosponsor Total: 11
(last sponsor added 07/28/2009)
9 Democrats
2 Republicans
About This Legislation:

On March 31, 2009, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee unanimously approved S.384 The Global Food Security Act of 2009, which was sponsored by Dick Lugar (R-IN), Dick Durbin (D-IL), Tom Harkin (D-IA), Susan Collins (R-ME), and Bob Casey (D-PA). The bill amends Section 103A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to read:

Agricultural research carried out under this chapter shall

1. take account of the special needs of small farmers in the determination of research priorities,
2. include research on the interrelationships among technology, institutions, and economic, social, environmental, and cultural factors affecting small-farm agriculture, and
3. make extensive use of field testing to adapt basic research to local conditions. Special emphasis shall be placed on disseminating research results to the farms on which they can be put to use, and especially on institutional and other arrangements needed to assure that small farmers have effective access to both new and existing improved technology
4. include research on biotechnological advances appropriate to local ecological conditions, including genetically modified technology.

(The section you're reading is from the U.S. code Title 22: Foreign Relations and Intercourse; Chapter 32: Foreign Assistance; Subchapter 1: International Development; Part I-Declaration of Policy; Development Assistance Authorizations; § 2151a-1. Agricultural research. The change is in bold.)

Press Release on S. 384 Hearing From: U.S. Working Group on the Food Crisis

Stacked Panel Featured Only Industrial Agriculture and Genetic Engineering Apologists

Washington D.C. (March 26, 2009) - The U.S. Working Group on the Food Crisis, a group representing various sectors of the food system, including anti-hunger, family farm, community food security, environmental, international aid, labor, food justice, consumers and others, expressed deep disappointment with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on “Alleviating Global Hunger: Challenges and Opportunities for U.S. Leadership” held on March 24. The hearing relied primarily on testimonies from “Green Revolution” advocates for the industrial agriculture system, even though it is broken, and failed to address many of the real causes and solutions to the food crisis.

While the Committee summarized well what is at stake, particularly in Africa and South Asia— massive human suffering, political stability and economic development—the analysis and solutions offered by the stacked roster were a rehashing of pro-industrial agriculture technologies and practices that have failed again and again to address this human tragedy. Current reliance on chemical-intensive agriculture and genetic engineering has deepened the gap between the haves and the have-nots, are further deepening the global climate crisis and threatening our planet’s natural resources.

The U.S. Working Group on the Food Crisis’s vision for reforming agriculture policy to help end the global food crisis includes the following that were either not mentioned during the hearing, or directly contradicted by the panelists:

• Re-regulate commodity futures markets to end excessive speculation
• Stabilize commodity prices through international and domestic food reserves
• Halt expansion of industrial agrofuels in developing countries
• Direct farm policy, research and education, and investment toward biodiverse, agroecological farming practices

Commodity Speculation and Food Prices
A significant part of last year’s food price fluctuations that led to the increase of hunger for 100 to 200 million people were the result of excessive speculation in the commodities markets by the very hedge funds and investment banks that have helped create the current economic meltdown.

The Senate Committee and panelists failed to acknowledge the large role of the financial sector in destabilizing prices for food. Patrick Woodall of the consumer group Food & Water Watch said, “Any solution to the food crisis must crack down on rampant commodities speculation.

Wall Street poured hundreds of billions of dollars into the under-regulated commodities markets, propelling the skyrocketing prices in 2008. Reigning in excess speculation can help to reduce food prices immediately and for the future.” A recent letter signed by nearly 200 Civil Society groups to President Obama requested decisive support to wring out excess speculation in agriculture futures markets that threatens the food security of millions.

International and Domestic Food Reserves Stabilize Food Prices

Last year’s volatility in commodity prices, driven in large part by financial speculators and not supply/demand concerns, exposes the perilous state of even U.S. food security due to the lack of food reserves. In 2008, a World Bank report highlighted a need for reserves in the global food system to prevent “price shocks.” Ben Burkett, an African-American Mississippi farmer and president of the National Family Farm Coalition said, “Just as Wall Street and financial markets were deregulated in the 1990s and 2000s, so were agriculture commodities. Both here and in Africa and other countries, governments were pressured to get rid of all their food reserves and rely on the “free market” and imports to make up for any shortfalls. If we’re going to alleviate hunger, I hope the U.S. Senate takes a serious look into supporting both the right of countries to have reserves and the establishment of international reserves so we don’t repeat the devastating food riots of 2008.”

Industrial Agrofuels Threaten Food Sovereignty
Another problem not addressed during the hearing that seriously impacts poor countries’ ability to end hunger is industrial agrofuels such as palm oil and jatropha that are skyrocketing in production while driving off the land peasant farmers producing for local consumption. “No serious discussion of the global food crisis can ignore the devastating impacts of foreign land grabs on African communities. Foreign corporations are taking away needed community resources to produce industrialized biofuels, such as palm oil and jatropha, for their own profit,” said Andrea Samulon of Rainforest Action Network

Need to Fundamentally Reorient Agriculture Practices
While the panelists at the hearing emphasized the need to expand commercial agriculture practices, including genetic engineering, the recent landmark report of the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD), backed by United Nations agencies and the World Bank and over 400 contributing scientists, directly contradicts that vision. Dr. Molly Anderson, a coordinating lead author of the report, said, “The IAASTD is the most authoritative and broad-based resource available on the full impacts of past investment in agricultural development and future options. It showed that “business as usual is not an option” and that commercial agricultural practices are endangering the planet while also failing to rectify the hunger of millions. To reverse this, the report said investments in ecological practices and science that encourages participatory knowledge creation and the integration of indigenous knowledge show more promise for meeting development and sustainability goals than relying on transgenic crops and other chemical-intensive Green Revolution tactics. Hopefully for future hearings on this vital subject, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee can include the perspective of this critical report.”

Genetic Engineering Offers False Promise
The inclusion of Robert Paarlberg, a well-known ideological critic of sustainable and organic agriculture, with no counter-balancing voice, was especially disappointing. Eric Holt-Gimenez, Ph.D., Executive Director of Food First/Institute for Food and Development Policy, said, “In its use of specious arguments to justify industry’s biotechnological assault on the agricultural systems of the developing world, Professor Paarlberg’s recent book, Starved for Science: How Biotechnology Is Being Kept Out of Africa, epitomizes everything that is wrong with agricultural development. It is appalling that the Senate Foreign Relations Committee allowed Dr. Paarlberg to testify with no counter witnesses who have a very different vision on how we can help Africa and the rural poor feed themselves.”

Report on S. 384 Hearing From: Jill Richardson, La Vida Locovore
More Non-Help for Africa, Courtesy of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

On March 24, 2009, the Senate Foreign Relations committee held an absolutely heinous hearing on global hunger. It was very specifically focused on hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Here are the true things they said (most of the rest after this is B.S.):

• There are 800 million to 1 billion hungry people in the world and 2/3 of them are in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
• The world's population is growing.
• Many of the hungry are farmers in Africa, many of whom are women, uneducated, and powerless.
• Farmers in Africa lack water for irrigation, petroleum-based fertilizer, GMO or hybrid seeds, pesticides, electricity, and any machinery whatsoever. 70% also live more than 30 minutes walking distance from the nearest road, effectively cutting them off from any markets.
• Global hunger is not just a moral issue, it's also a national security risk.
• White House leadership will be critical in any effort fighting global hunger.

After that, we started to get into chemical-ag-public-relations land.

Robert Paarlberg, Professor of Political Science, Wellesley College, spoke about some people (like the UN, perhaps?) who want Africa to farm organically. He says right now they are de facto organic and that hasn't worked so "it's time to get beyond these rigid ideologies." I believe this plays into the idiotic notion that organics is merely the lack of using GMOs, pesticides, fertilizer, etc.

Organics, done right, means crop rotation, mulching, building up animal habitat to attract species that will eat pests, cover crops, and more. While current African agriculture may be certifiably organic according to our USDA, that doesn't mean it can't be improved using organic methods. I think it's telling that the farmers are uneducated and malnourished - could that be part of the reason for their low yields?

In the question and answer period, Kerry asked about organics and brought up the dead zone in the Gulf that is caused by fertilizer run-off. His idea for organics was promptly dismissed by the panel (and Lugar too), who told him that Africa would have no problem with fertilizer runoff because they would use less of it than the United States.

Kerry said, in asking his question about organics, "It seems to me, that's not something we oughta dismiss casually." He recognized the major organic movement in the U.S. and said, "You push that aside, is that wise in this battle not to honor and respect that movement... and fashion policies accordingly?"

Unfortunately, after Paarlberg shot him down, he replied, "So it's really the balance more than anything else?" Oh Senator Kerry.
Detailed, up-to-date bill status information on S.384.
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